Literature Database Entry


Elnaz Alizadeh Jarchlo, Elizabeth Eso, Hossein Doroud, Anatolij Zubow, Falko Dressler, Zabih Ghassemlooy, Bernhard Siessegger and Giuseppe Caire, "FDLA: A Novel Frequency Diversity and Link Aggregation Solution for Handover in an Indoor Vehicular VLC Network," IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, vol. 18 (3), pp. 3556–3566, September 2021.


Visible light communications (VLC) (VLC) has been introduced as a complementary wireless technology that can be widely used in industrial indoor environments where automated guided vehicles aim to ease and accelerate logistics. Despite its advantages, there is one significant drawback of using an indoor vehicular VLC (V-VLC) network that is there is a high handover outage duration. In line-of-sight VLC links, such handovers are frequently due to mobility, shadowing, and obstacles. In this paper, we propose a frequency diversity and link aggregation solution, which is a novel technique in Data link layer to tackle handover challenge in indoor V-VLC networks. We have developed a small-scale prototype and experimentally evaluated its performance for a variety of scenarios and compared the results with other handover techniques. We also assessed the configuration options in more detail, in particular focusing on different network traffic types and various address resolution protocol intervals. The measurement results demonstrate the advantages of our approach for low-outage duration handovers in V-VLC. The proposed idea is able to decrease the handover outage duration in a two-dimensional network to about 0.2 s, which is considerably lower compared to previous solutions.

Quick access

Original Version DOI (at publishers web site)
Authors' Version PDF (PDF on this web site)
BibTeX BibTeX


Elnaz Alizadeh Jarchlo
Elizabeth Eso
Hossein Doroud
Anatolij Zubow
Falko Dressler
Zabih Ghassemlooy
Bernhard Siessegger
Giuseppe Caire

BibTeX reference

    author = {Alizadeh Jarchlo, Elnaz and Eso, Elizabeth and Doroud, Hossein and Zubow, Anatolij and Dressler, Falko and Ghassemlooy, Zabih and Siessegger, Bernhard and Caire, Giuseppe},
    doi = {10.1109/TNSM.2021.3075476},
    title = {{FDLA: A Novel Frequency Diversity and Link Aggregation Solution for Handover in an Indoor Vehicular VLC Network}},
    pages = {3556--3566},
    journal = {IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management},
    issn = {1932-4537},
    publisher = {IEEE},
    month = {9},
    number = {3},
    volume = {18},
    year = {2021},

Copyright notice

Links to final or draft versions of papers are presented here to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted or distributed for commercial purposes without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have IEEE copyrights: Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

The following applies to all papers listed above that are in submission to IEEE conference/workshop proceedings or journals: This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessible.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have ACM copyrights: ACM COPYRIGHT NOTICE. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or

The following applies to all SpringerLink papers listed above that have Springer Science+Business Media copyrights: The original publication is available at

This page was automatically generated using BibDB and bib2web.

Last modified: 2024-06-21